A Mecca for Militants: An Examination of the Development of International Terrorism in Peshawar, Pakistan, 1970-2010
AbstractThis paper is an examination of the beginnings of global terrorism in Peshawar, Pakistan—a modern region of violence and militancy. This city has been a major proponent in one of the most problematic global issues of this era, international terrorism. Examining the environment in which this type of militancy began and what incurred is vital to understanding how to assuage the issue as it stands today and how to further the development of peaceful conditions in the future. The development of this center of violence is examined through analysis of the city’s modern history. By delving into the social, political and economic issues that plagued the city from 1970 to the turn of the century, one may see what factors created this disparate area of corruption. Analysis of this time frame indicates that irresponsibility on behalf of international super powers such as the U.S., India, Russia, and Saudi Arabia is a central cause behind Peshawar’s militant issues. Although local factors played a vital role in the extrapolation of militancy, this dissertation will focus on the global factors because by understanding these it is possible to avoid the further development of international violence. This is an argument that militancy does not develop solely because of inherent cultural tendencies but also because of the intrusion of international dilemmas and dogma, and should be addressed accordingly.
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