Birth of the Militant Queer Identity: Analyzing “The Woman-Identified Woman” and “Queers Read This”

  • Ian Summers University of Utah


Manifesto texts have been credited by scholars for aiding social movement groups in articulating various issues, creating cohesion among membership, and mapping out a path towards a successful future. Yet while much attention has been given to the movements that these texts represent, not as much study has been devoted towards examining manifesto texts themselves, particularly ones representing queer communities in the United States.  Subsequently, there’s been little research as to whether queer social movement manifestos exhibit similar patterns of style or rhetorical invention, regardless of context. To address this scholarly gap, this essay exams two modern queer manifestos: The Lavender Menace’s 1970 “Woman-Identified Woman” and Queer Nation’s 1990 “Queers Read This.” The goal of exploring reoccurring patterns within these manifestos is not for mere classification, but rather twofold: first, to reveal similar cultural cycles of oppression and resistance in the relationship between dominant and marginalized communities, particularly as it relates to sexuality; and second, to recover rhetorically rich artifacts that can contribute to building a queer collective memory. 

Author Biography

Ian Summers, University of Utah
M.A. in Communication Studies, University of AlabamaPhD Student in Communication Studies, University of UtahInstructor, University of Utah 
How to Cite
SUMMERS, Ian. Birth of the Militant Queer Identity: Analyzing “The Woman-Identified Woman” and “Queers Read This”. Utah Foreign Language Review, [S.l.], v. 21, apr. 2014. ISSN 2165-4905. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 oct. 2017.


Manifestos; Social Movements; Genre; Queer Protest