The Proliferation Of Nuclear Weapons: The New International System and the Middle East
AbstractNuclear weapons entered the arena of international politics with the close of World War II. Although the ensuing Cold War passed without these weapons being used in combat, the post- Cold War world has introduced a new international system. As a result, many of the conditions that helped maintain nuclear peace during the Cold War have disappeared and risks of future proliferation and use of nuclear weapons have increased. This article examines the changes in the international system since the end of the Cold War and discusses the realist arguments for and against the proliferation of nuclear weapons. The author also focuses on the Middle East, the dynamics of which make the region a useful paradigm for assessing the risks posedby future proliferation to the international system.
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